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External and Internal Factors Influencing the Charring of Timber—An Experimental Study with Respect to Natural Fires and Moisture Conditions



The following publication summarizes the experimental work of fire tests as well as the accompanied analytical studies conducted by the author in order to assess the influence of the initial moisture content as well as varying temperature time scenarios, including the heating- and cooling phase of a fire on the charring of timber and on the temperature profiles within timber cross sections. The outcome of this research is a simplified design approach for calculating the charring depth, and an improved material model that can be used in numerical simulations

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