Survey on Mental Health Status of Urban Community Residents in Xi'an Based on SCL-90 Psychological Scale

Jiao TAN, Yong-Hong MA, Ming-Juan SHI, Jing LEI, Ke MEN, Rong-Qiang ZHANG

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to investigate the mental health status of 1021 community residents in Xi'an, which provides a scientific basis for understanding the mental health status of urban residents in our country, establishing a psychoanalysis model and promoting residents' health. The community residents of 8 community health service centers in Xincheng District of Xi'an City were used as the research object from June 1, 2016 to December 31, 2016, using the SCL-90 psychological scale for their psychological status measuring. The result is that the scores of SCL-90 for community residents in Xi'an are between 1.24 and 1.67. There were significant differences between male and female in other factors except for hostility (t=1.111, P=0.267), phobic-anxiety (t=1.658, P=0.098) and psychotic (t=0.359, P=0.025), interpersonal relationship (t=5.132, P=0.000), depression (P<0.05), and women's scores were higher than men's score (t=2.730, P=0.006). The scores of female anxiety (t=2.722, P=0.007) and psychotic (t=3.302, P=0.001) in 2016 were higher than those in the year of 1986;  the study showed that the highest score was between the ages of 18 and 44 (youth group). This study can reflect the mental health of urban residents in Xi’an. The study found that the general mental health of residents in China remains steady. The concrete manifestations of women’s psychological health problems are increasingly prominent, and there is an upward trend in obsessive-compulsive disorder, interpersonal relationship and psychosis. The Chinese residents have the most severe mental health problems between the ages of 18 and 44, especially in the age group of 30-39.

Keywords


Community Residents, Mental Health, SCL-90 Scale


DOI
10.12783/dtssehs/icesd2019/28217

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