Rural Tourism Spatial Reconstruction Research of Tongxin Rural Historic District, Sichuan Province, China Based on Landscape Architecture

Rui-jue WANG, Qian GUO

Abstract


The rural historic district is the cream of a country, and it is also the most vigorous space in a township with fabulous cultural resources and a large number of users. The rural historic districts are not only the carriers of national morphology but also as the representations of national culture. Meanwhile, the rural historic district is one of public space in a township, which owns maximal culture, maximal art fascination and reflects the history of a township. Based on the background of the development of the cities in China, the rural historic district is the most complex strip in a township. The central area or rural historic district has always been the pioneer in the development and construction of cities. The rural historic district was the center of township politics, economy, and culture. The rural historic district is an area with complicated function, the major facilities include the residential area, public service, and ancient building group, it reflects the township features and the cultural characters, and it is the core space of the township. Now, the land resource of China becomes tenser day by day. The low level of national land use has caused waste and the reduction of land benefit. With the economic and national development in townships, there are some issues in the rural historic district, such as shortage of land resources, population pressure, national construction and the protection of the rural historic district, particularly in the conflict. So spatial reconstruction of a rural historic district is an important way for townships to obtain space for development on the condition of land scarcity. Tongxin Rural Historic District, like a shining pearl island in the Dayi county of Sichuan province, China. This rural historic district is a large architectural complex composed of complete township lanes and residences, there are many folk houses and bamboo dating from the Ming and Qing Dynasties. From this, the protection and development of the historic and cultural value of this district had become the focus of local social attention. However, the districts in Dayi county there are various problems of protection and development of rural historic districts. The paper based on the in-depth investigation of the protection and current situation in Tongxin rural historic district, took the local regional development as the research object, from the perspective of landscape architecture, Based on sustainable development planning thought, by use of inducement and comparative method, explore the resource of cultural potential through landscape planning approaches, used the design strategy of Rural Tourism Spatial Reconstruction to make the full use of existing land resources and provide local residents with a livable environment, promote the development of local cultural tourism and economy.

Keywords


Rural tourism, Spatial reconstruction, Historic district, Landspace architecture


DOI
10.12783/dtssehs/eiem2018/26954

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