Economic Explanation of Juvenile Crime and Its Empirical Test

Xiao WU


This paper analyzes the juvenile delinquency according to the basic principles of criminal economics, and puts forward the hypothesis of legal, economic and socio-cultural factors that affect juvenile delinquency. These hypotheses were tested using national time-series data and cointegration methods. The results show, the increase of the probability of arrest can significantly reduce the juvenile delinquency; the widening income gap, and the increase of the unemployment rate will increase the rate of juvenile crime; the actual output per capita and the increase in schooling years per capita can reduce the rate of juvenile crime. The research in this paper not only verifies the interpretation of criminal economics on juvenile delinquency, but also provides policy implications for effectively preventing juvenile delinquency.


Crime economics, Juvenile crime, Cointegration test


Full Text: