A Study on the China's Three Major Economic Reforms and the Evolution of China-America-USSR Relations

Hsiung Shen Jung

Abstract


The victory of the civil war to establish the regime of the Chinese Communist Party, in view of the powerful Soviet Union, in the late 1950s, Mao Zedong launched the "Great Leap Forward" movement based on the strategy of "catching up and surpassing", in an attempt to build China into another socialist power. However, this policy made the relationship with the Soviet Union worse, and end up with total failure, while adversely affected the economy development. In the 1960s, the "Third Front Movement " to prevent the invasion of the United States and the Soviet Union did not lead to significant results, but Mao Zedong successfully adjusted the diplomatic strategy to the United States against the Soviet Union by drawing the "Third World" and creating the contradictions between the United States and the Soviet Union. In late 1970s, with the mitigation of China’s international relationship, "Reform and Opening-up" got a smooth promotion, and fruitful result. Even after the disintegration of the Soviet Union, China gradually rose to form a Sino-US rivalry.

Keywords


Great Leap Forward, Reform and Opening-up, The deterioration of relations between China and the Soviet Union, United US against the Soviet Union, Sino-US rivalry


DOI
10.12783/dtssehs/ichss2017/19581

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