An Analysis of Tess of the d’Urbervilles in the Light of Eco-feminism



Thomas Hardy is a famous English writer of critical realism in the late 19th century. Tess of the d’Urbervilles is one of his most influential masterpiece, which Hardy reveals his affinity to Eco-feminism in his views toward nature and women. The novel depicts a country woman, who is unsophisticated, kind-hearted and with natural image, however ends her life in tragedy. Throughout Tess’s whole life in every aspect, the author reveals that the capitalism is permeating into rural areas, which implies his sympathy for those women who are under great oppression but cultivated consciousness of Eco-feminism ahead of time. In order to stress the harmonious relationship between women and nature, he concentrates much on beautiful natural scenery in the area of Wessex. In the characterization, Tess behaves as the daughter of nature, who has a mysterious and intimate connection to nature: her fate even complies with the alternation of seasons. Industrialization and patriarchy has become the root of Tess’s death. The Eco-feminist interpretation of Tess of the d’Urbervilles aims to call on a profound retrospection on the relationship between nature, women and men. The awareness of environmental protection and of rebuilding the mutual harmony between human and nature, men and women, are also hoped to be provoked.


Tess of the d’urbervilles; Eco-feminism; Tragedy; Harmony


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