Economic Benefits Analysis of Battery Charging and Swapping Station for Pure Electric Bus in Public Transportation Field

Zezhou Yang, YingQi Liu, Kai Bai, Na Li


As a breakthrough for the development of new energy automobile industry in China, pure electric buses have made great achievements. From the perspective of the development of pure electric buses, the construction of BCSS plays a crucial role. The economic benefits of BCSS, as one of the most important problems in the process of industrialization, has received lots of attention. After analyzing constructing and operating status, this paper builds up economic benefits model founded on cost-benefit model and chooses NPV as the assessing indexes of economic benefits. The uncertainty of economic benefits is also analyzed by using the break-even analysis and sensitivity analysis. At the end of the paper, the economic benefits of BCSS in Xue Jiadao, Qingdao, was analyzed through utilizing the economic benefits model. Results show that China's BCSS for pure electric buses under current stage has limited profitability, which is not conducive to commercialization. Results of Break-even analysis will provide references for the design of charging price and for the prediction of service scale. In addition, after sensitivity analysis, we found that the key factors influencing economic benefit of BCSS were charging price, battery renting price, power purchasing price and state subsidies in the descending order of importance. The established economic model and the analyzing results could provide references for economic benefits assessment and decision-making for the commercial development of BCSS of electric buses.


Electric bus. BCSS(battery charging and swapping stations). Economic benefits. Break-even analysis. Sensitivity analysis


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