Irrigation Practices for Improving Water Productivity in Jordan Valley

Maisa’a W. SHAMMOUT, Tala QTAISHAT, Muhammad SHATANAWI

Abstract


Agriculture in Jordan Valley suffers from water scarcity in which the irrigation authority has put heavy measures during summer months to satisfy irrigation needs. Jordan Valley exhibits a very unique climate which allows for the growth of the crops in winter season, giving it an advantage in markets to support not only the national food market but also international markets. This paper presents a plan of practices that was implemented in Jordan Valley to improve water productivity of green pepper crop through regulated deficit-irrigation treatments. The plan of practices represents an integration of drip irrigation, crop evapotranspiration, and irrigation practices in terms of three deficit treatments at 100% Etc (T1), 80% Etc (T2), and 60% Etc (T3). The results of this study have proven the efficiency of this integration in improving water productivity of green pepper crop, and the significance of this integration for farmers as it reduces water consumption, generates agricultural water sustainability, supports economic development, and alleviates the adverse environmental impacts.

Keywords


Jordan Valley, Irrigation, Water productivity, Dificit irrigation, Green pepper


DOI
10.12783/dtssehs/etmi2016/11176

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