Smart Mining Communication Systems



Polish industry stands at the threshold of the 4th Industrial Revolution, whose core is data collected from manufacturing and exploitation processes. The number of the devices that are capable of communication increases exponentially. These facts imply a constant evolution of automated systems, intelligent data analysis, and methods for their reliable and efficient transmission. The current rapid development of communication technologies mainly focuses at the transmission of digital data. Digital data is most often sent within separated hardware segments of business management structures, for the control and monitoring of machines, devices, and processes. At the lowest levels, fieldbuses prevail, from which data is aggregated and transmitted, often by Ethernet protocols, to the level of enterprise branch servers. Then branches connect to the central structures using encrypted tunnels created within the Internet. The whole structure is exposed to a number of threats related to the presence of typical failures, disruptions, as well as actions leading to the data mismatch or transmission failures. A similar state of needs and threats in the field of acquisition and transmission of digital data occurs in Polish mining. The problem of the complexity of communication structures, including sensory networks and battery-powered wireless sensors, becomes a part of mining technology and the processing of raw materials. Development processes of sensory networks are mainly focused on its reliability, followed by performance. For this reason, as well as bearing in mind the reduction of the costs of building the communication infrastructure, networks with mesh topology develop, which are characterized by high transmission reliability due to its multi-redundant structure. This article describes the development of one of the latest communication protocols SSKIR, intended for use in mesh networks.


sensors, communication, network, dataText


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