Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Hybrid Experimental and Numerical Characterization of the 3D Response of Woven Polymer Matrix Composites

JAVIER BUENROSTRO, HYONNY KIM, ROBERT K. GOLDBERG, TRENTON M. RICKS

Abstract


The need for advanced material models to simulate the deformation, damage, and failure of polymer matrix composites under impact conditions is becoming critical as these materials are gaining increased usage in the aerospace and automotive industries. The purpose of this work is to characterize carbon epoxy fabrics for composite material models that rely on a large number of input parameters to define their nonlinear and 3D response; e.g. elastic continuum damage mechanics models or plasticity damage models [1, 2]. It is challenging to obtain large sets of experimental stress-strain curves, therefore, careful selection of physical experiments that exhibit nonlinear behavior is done to significantly reduce the cost of generating threedimensional material databases. For this work, plain weave carbon fabrics with 3k and 12k tows are manufactured by VARTM. Testing is done using MTS hydraulic test frames and 2D digital image correlation (DIC) to obtain experimental stress-strain curves for in-plane tension and shear as well as transverse shear. For cases where actual experimental data is either not available or difficult to obtain, the required model input is virtually generated using the NASA Glenn developed Micromechanics Analysis Method/Generalized Method of Cells (MAC/GMC) code. A viscoplastic polymer model is calibrated and utilized to model the matrix constituent within a repeating unit cell (RUC) of a plain weave carbon fiber fabric. Verification and validation of this approach is done using MAT213, a tabulated orthotropic material model in the finite element code LS-DYNA, which relies on 12 input stress-strain curves in various coordinate directions [2]. Based on the model input generated by the micromechanics analyses in combination with available experimental data, a series of coupon level verification and validation analyses are carried out using the MAT 213 composite model.


DOI
10.12783/asc36/35940

Full Text:

PDF

References


Matzenmiller, A. L. J. T. R., Lubliner, J., & Taylor, R. L. (1995). A constitutive model for

anisotropic damage in fiber-composites. Mechanics of materials, 20(2), 125-152.

Hoffarth, C., Rajan, S. D., Goldberg, R. K., Revilock, D., Carney, K. S., DuBois, P., &

Blankenhorn, G. (2016). Implementation and validation of a three-dimensional plasticity-based

deformation model for orthotropic composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and

Manufacturing, 91, 336-350.

Systemes, D. (2014). Abaqus analysis user’s guide. Solid (Continuum) Elements, 6, 2019.

Hallquist, J.: LS-DYNA Keyword User’s Manual, Version 970. Livermore Software

Technology Corporation, Livermore, CA, 2013.

Jackson, K. E., Littell, J. D., Horta, L. G., Annett, M. S., Fasanella, E. L., & Seal, M. D.

(2014). Impact testing and simulation of composite airframe structures. National Aeronautics

and Space Administration, Langley Research Center.

Khaled, B., Shyamsunder, L., Hoffarth, C., Rajan, S. D., Goldberg, R. K., Carney, K. S., ... &

Blankenhorn, G. (2018). Experimental characterization of composites to support an orthotropic

plasticity material model. Journal of Composite Materials, 52(14), 1847-1872.

Shyamsunder, L., Khaled, B., Rajan, S. D., Goldberg, R. K., Carney, K. S., DuBois, P., &

Blankenhorn, G. (2020). Implementing deformation, damage, and failure in an orthotropic

plastic material model. Journal of Composite Materials, 54(4), 463-484.

Harrington, J., Hoffarth, C., Rajan, S. D., Goldberg, R. K., Carney, K. S., DuBois, P., &

Blankenhorn, G. (2017). Using virtual tests to complete the description of a three-dimensional

orthotropic material. Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 30(5), 04017025.

Makeev, A., He, Y., & Schreier, H. (2013). Short‐ beam Shear Method for Assessment of

Stress–Strain Curves for Fibre‐ reinforced Polymer Matrix Composite Materials. Strain, 49(5),

-450.

Littell, J. D., Binienda, W. K., Roberts, G. D., & Goldberg, R. K. (2009). Characterization of

damage in triaxial braided composites under tensile loading. Journal of Aerospace

Engineering, 22(3), 270-279.

Gilat, A., & Seidt, J. D. (2018). Compression, Tension and Shear Testing of Fibrous Composite

with the Split Hopkinson Bar Technique. In EPJ Web of Conferences (Vol. 183, p. 02006). EDP

Sciences.

Ishikawa, T., & Chou, T. W. (1983). One-dimensional micromechanical analysis of woven

fabric composites. AIAA journal, 21(12), 1714-1721.

Aboudi, J., Arnold, S. M., & Bednarcyk, B. A. (2013). Micromechanics of composite materials:

a generalized multiscale analysis approach. Butterworth-Heinemann.

Bednarcyk, B. A., & Arnold, S. M. (2003). Micromechanics-based modeling of woven polymer

matrix composites. AIAA journal, 41(9), 1788-1796.

Liu, K. (2011). Micromechanics based multiscale modeling of the inelastic response and failure

of complex architecture composites. Arizona State University.

Sorini, C., Chattopadhyay, A., & Goldberg, R. K. (2020). An improved plastically dilatant

unified viscoplastic constitutive formulation for multiscale analysis of polymer matrix

composites under high strain rate loading. Composites Part B: Engineering, 184, 107669.

Bednarcyk, B. A., & Arnold, S. M. (2002). MAC/GMC 4.0 User's Manual: Keywords Manual.

Volume 2.

ASTM International. (2017). ASTM D3039/D3039M-17 Standard Test Method for Tensile

Properties of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials. Retrieved from

https://doi.org/10.1520/D3039_D3039M-17

ASTM International. (2020). ASTM D7078/D7078M-20e1 Standard Test Method for Shear

Properties of Composite Materials by V-Notched Rail Shear Method. Retrieved from

https://doi.org/10.1520/D7078_D7078M-20E01

ASTM International. (2016). ASTM D2344/D2344M-16 Standard Test Method for Short-Beam

Strength of Polymer Matrix Composite Materials and Their Laminates. Retrieved from

https://doi.org/10.1520/D2344_D2344M-16

Liu, K., Hiche, C., & Chattopadhyay, A. (2009). Low-Speed Projectile Impact Damage

Prediction and Propagation in Woven Composites. In 50th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC

Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference 17th AIAA/ASME/AHS Adaptive

Structures Conference 11th AIAA No (p. 2446).

Daniel, I. M., Ishai, O., Daniel, I. M., & Daniel, I. (2006). Engineering mechanics of composite

materials (Vol. 1994). New York: Oxford university press.

Goldberg, R. K., Roberts, G. D., & Gilat, A. (2005). Implementation of an associative flow rule

including hydrostatic stress effects into the high strain rate deformation analysis of polymer

matrix composites. Journal of Aerospace Engineering, 18(1), 18-27.

Murthy, P. L., Ghezeljeh, P. N., & Bednarcyk, B. A. (2018). Development and Application of a

Tool for Optimizing Composite Matrix Viscoplastic Material Parameters.

Tomblin, J., McKenna., Ng, Y., and Raju, K. S., 2001: Advanced General Aviation Transport

Experiments B-Basis Design Allowables for Epoxy – Based Prepreg AGATE-WP3.3-033051-

September.URL https://agate.niar.wichita.edu/Materials/WP3.3-033051-095.pdf

Tomblin, J., McKenna., Ng, Y., and Raju, K. S., 2001: Advanced General Aviation Transport

Experiments B-Basis Design Allowables for Wet Layup / Field Repair Fiber Reinforced

Composite Material Systems: AGATE-WP3.3-033051-115. August.URL

https://agate.niar.wichita.edu/Materials/WP3.3-033051-115.pd

Tomblin, J., McKenna., Ng, Y., and Raju, K. S., 2001: Advanced General Aviation Transport

Experiments A-Basis and B-Basis Design Allowables for Epoxy-based Prepreg AGATEWP3.3-

-131. https://agate.niar.wichita.edu/Materials/WP3.3-033051-131.pdf


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.