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Nanoengineered Glass Fiber Reinforced Composite Laminates with Integrated Multifunctionality

PALAK PATEL, CAROLINA FURTAD FURTADO, MEGAN COOPER, LUIZ ACAUAN, STEPAN LOMOV, ISKANDER AKHATOV, SERGEY ABAIMOV, JEONYOON LEE, BRIAN WARDLE

Abstract


Combining one or more functional capabilities of subsystems within a structure can provide system-level savings, particularly for weight-critical applications such as air and space vehicles. Nanoengineering presents a significant opportunity for additional functionalities on the nanoscale without the necessity to modify shape, design, or load carrying capacity of the structure. Here, an integrated-multifunctional nano-engineered system was preliminarily studied in composite laminate structures. The study would support the exploration of a system designed to serve independent yet synergistic functionalities in life-cycle enhancements, energy savings during manufacturing, in-situ cure (manufacturing) monitoring, and in-service damage sensing. For the preliminary study, an integrated multifunctional composite (IMC) laminate was created via aligned nanofiber introduction into the composite interlaminar region and the laminate surfaces of Hexcel E-glass/913 unidirectional glass fiber prepreg. Various heights ranging from 10 - 40 μm-tall vertically aligned carbon nanotube (VA-CNT) arrays, as well as patterned and buckled VA-CNT architectures, were used to reinforce the weak interlaminar regions within the laminates showing a ~ 4 - 5% increase in short beam strength of VA-CNT reinforced specimens hence demonstrating interlaminar enhancement for life-cycle advancements. The same layers, being electrically conductive, can provide several additional multifunctionalities.


DOI
10.12783/asc36/35897

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