Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Crush Characteristics of Adhesively Bonded Composite-Aluminum Tubes



Tubular members are used in the automotive industry for body, chassis, and powertrain components such as front rails, underbody frames or sub frames, driveshaft structures and space frames. They are also extensively used in buses and other heavy vehicle structures. With focus on light-weighting, there is increasing use of multimaterial structures with aluminum and high-performance composites. Joining a variety of materials with different characteristics and compositions is a major challenge for the design of such structures. Hence, adhesive bonding is emerging as one of the key joining technique for multi-material structures due to their compatibility with commonly used lightweight materials. Since tubular joints in automotive structures may experience crush type load, this study considers the crush characteristics of composite-aluminum tubular adhesive joints using finite element analysis.


Full Text:



Lubkin, J. L. and E. Reissner, "Stress distribution and design data for adhesive lap joints between

circular tubes.," Transactions of ASME, vol. 78, pp. 1213-1221, 1956.

Nakano, Y., M. Kawasaki and T. Sawa, "Stress analysis of adhesive lap joints of dissimilar hollow

shafts subjected to an axial load.," Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 12, pp. 1-18,

Labbe, S. and J. M. Drouet, "A multi-objective optimization procedure for bonded tubular-lap

joints subjected to axial loading," International journal of adhesion and adhesives, vol. 33, pp. 26-

, 2012.

Barbosa, D. R., R. D. S. G. Campilho, R. J. B. Rocha and L. R. F. Ferreira, "Cohesive Zone

Analysis of Tubular Adhesively-Bonded Joints.," Annals of “Dunarea de Jos” University of Galati.

Fascicle XII, Welding Equipment and Technology, vol. 29, pp. 11-18, 2018.

Barbosa, D. R., R. D. S. G. Campilho, R. J. B. Rocha and L. R. F. Ferreira, "Experimental

Experimental and numerical assessment of tensile loaded tubular adhesive joints.," Proceedings of

the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications,

vol. 233, no. 3, pp. 452-464, 2019.

Dama, K. K., V. Suresh Babu, R. N. Rao and I. J. Shaik, "State of the Art on Basic Methodologies

for Crashworthy Design of Automotive Body Components Considering Axial Collapse Mode," in

International Conference on Recent Trends in Engineering and Material Science, Jaipu, 2016.

Thornton, P. H. "Energy Absorption in Composite Structures," Journal of Composite Materials,

vol. 13, pp. 247-262, 1979.

Farley, G. L. "Energy absorption of composite materials.," Journal of Composite Materials, vol.

, pp. 267-279, 1983.

Abood, A. N., A. H. Saleh and Z. W. Abdullah, " Effect of heat treatment on strain life of

aluminum alloy AA 6061. , 2(2), 51.," Journal of Materials Science Research, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 51-

, 2013.

Tomblin, J., J. Sherraden, W. Seneviratne and K. S. Raju, "A – Basis and B – Basis Design

Allowables for Epoxy – Based Prepreg TORAY 7781 Finish 558/#2510 Fiberglass Fabric,"

AGATE-WP3.3-033051-133, September 2002.

"T700SC 12K/ 2510 Plain Weave Fabric," in Composite Materials Handbook (CMH-17), vol. 2.

May, M., O. Hesebeck, S. Marzi, W. Böhme, J. Lienhard, S. Kilchert, M. Brede and S. Hiermaier,

"Rate dependent behavior of crash-optimized adhesives–Experimental characterization, model

development, and simulation.," Engineering Fracture Mechanics, vol. 133, pp. 112-137, 2015.

LS-DYNA Keyword User's Manual Volume II R9.0, LIVERMORE SOFTWARE


Deleo, F. and P. Feraboli, "Crashworthiness energy absorption of carbon fiber composites:

Experiment and Simulation," in 11th-Annual Automotive Composites Conference and Exhibition,

ACCE 2011, Troy, 2011.


  • There are currently no refbacks.