Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Tale of Two Tunnels—Understanding the Performance of Existing and New Tunnels during Construction Works

M. Z. E. B. ELSHAFIE, C. Y. GUE, N. DE BATTISTA, M. ALHADDAD, M. WILCOCK, K. SOGA, R. J. MAIR

Abstract


In many cases, new tunnels in highly populated urban cities like London will need to be constructed underneath a dense network of existing tunnels to avoid them. The construction of new tunnels, however, inevitably results in ground deformations, which are transmitted to adjacent existing structures. The response of existing cast iron tunnels to tunnelling-induced deformation is not well understood and practicing engineers are faced with significant uncertainties about their response. The first part of this paper presents a case study in which distributed fibre optic strain sensing (DFOSS) have been deployed in a section at an existing cast iron tunnel in London underneath which a new, much larger tunnel was being constructed. The DFOSS deployment in this case study provided a detailed response for the cast iron tunnel in a holistic manner that is not encountered in practice. In the second part of the paper, one of the latest case studies being conducted at the Cambridge Centre for Smart Infrastructure and Construction (CSIC), associated with the instrumentation and monitoring of cross-passages in sprayed concrete tunnel linings (SCL) is presented and discussed. The DOFSS provided new data and hence new insights into SCL behaviour that was not available before.

doi: 10.12783/SHM2015/197


Full Text:

PDF