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Ultrasonic Energy Assisted Synthesis of Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles

JOSHUA W. WEBSTER, BIPUL BARUA, MRINAL C. SAHA

Abstract


Zinc Oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles have various applications in a wide variety of fields such as hydrogen fuel cell technology, cancer treatment, antibacterial treatment, and energy storage applications. This study highlights the synthesis of ZnO noanoparticles utilizing potassium hydroxide and zinc chloride solutions as precursors in presence of ultrasonic energy. It is expected that the nucleation and growth rates will be affected differently due to the application of ultrasonic energy. The investigation focuses on the application of ultrasonic energy and the relationships of particle size and morphology of ZnO nanoparticles with respect to process variables. It is found that ZnO nanoparticles with different morphologies can be achieved by varying the intensity of ultrasonic energy, test temperature, and precursor injection method.

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